Chess Opening Essentials
A good opening gives a player a great advantage in the game. Let us have a look at some amazing chess openings.
1. Ruy Lopez opening : 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5
One of White’s key ideas in the Ruy Lopez is to quickly control the center. This is achieved by placing a pawn in the center on the first move (1.e4), a move which also liberates the White’s light-squared bishop and queen. By playing 2.Nf3, White immediately attacks the Black
central pawn on e5. Afterwards, White moves his bishop to b5 from where it threatens to eliminate the knight on c6, Black’s piece that protects the pawn on e5. With these three moves, White immediately puts pressure on the center.
2. Giuoco Piano : This game has White performing a mild attack with his Bishop, but Black is often able to even up the game with his defenses. It starts as: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5. If White then replies “d3”, you have the “Guioco Pianissimo” – a very passive game. If White replies with “b4?!”, you have the “Evans Gambit”, in which White offers a pawn in exchange for a powerful center and possibly opening his Queen Bishop.
3. King’s Gambit: White offers a pawn in exchange for rapid development. It’s rarely seen now at the master level; according to Keene it’s been found that Black can obtain a reasonable position (giving nothing for White’s pawn). 1. e4 e5 2. f4 A natural following move is “exf4” accepting the gambit.
4.English opening : This opening starts differently. 1.c4 Here white hopes to control the center by gaining support on the side. Common response for black are e5 and c5
5. Scandinavian opening : This starts out at 1.e4 d5. A common continuation of this is exd5 Qxd5